History of herbal medicine texts that relate to Ashtanga Ayurveda provides information on the main branches of Ayurveda, namely;
- Surgery (shalya)
- ENT with Ophthalmology (Shalakya)
- Medicine (Kaya)
- Bhoota, Gynecology, Obstetrics and Pediatrics (Kaumara)
- Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology (Agada)
- Gerontology (Rasayan)
- Science of Aphrodisiac (Vajikarana)
‘Upaveda of Atharvaveda’ contains one million shlokas in the form of rhymes and divided in one thousand chapters. Written by Brahma, it is referred to by Ayurveda medicine as Brahma Sanhita.
The Ayurveda care herbal science inscriptions had to be re-written across the ages due to the decline in the human’s life span and intellectual level.
Shalya – The word itself refers to the things and senses that cause discomfort to both body and mind. The Shalya consist of two main groups, the shaarir referring to the discomforts inside the body, and the agantuj for those on the outside of the body.
Shalya Tantra (Surgery) – The tantra procedure, an Ayurveda health surgery, includes the utilizing of the following resources in order to remove any Shalya from one’s body; Yantra (Tools), Shastra (Instruments), Kshara (Alkalies) and Agni (Fire).
Shalakya – An Ayurveda therapy dealing with disorders related to the ear, eyes, nose and throat.
Kaya Chikitsa (Medicine / therapeutics) – The section of herbal medicines treating the internal disorders. The literal meaning of the word ‘Kaya’ means agni (while chikitsa means treatment), and on the Kaya/Agni concept are based all of the Ayurveda treatments and medicines.
The Kaya transforms all the vitamins, minerals, etc… to bodily needed substances. The well balance of the Kaya will reflect on one’s bodily condition, whereas the imbalance of the Kaya will produce the loss of one’s equilibrium and set out a series of diseases and/or disorders.
Bhoota (Graha) – The Ayurveda care herbal science’s branch dealing with diseases deriving from unknown causes.
Bala / Kaumara – Ayurveda herbal remedies section dealing with;
- Child Bearing (pregnancy)
- Child Birth (delivery)
- Children’s Diseases (pediatrics)
Rasayana Tantra – Deals with different aspects of preventive health care, whereas Rasayana improves the metabolic activities leading to good health.
Vajikarana – Ayurveda’s branch dealing in sexual problems and/or diseases concerned.
Agni Mahaboota is the major constituent for one’s biological humor pitta doshas as we have learnt from the history of herbal medicine’s teachings.
Ayurveda health has for long based it’s opinion on proven natural herbal medicine that have also taught us that the agni is the provider of the necessary energy needed by our body’s activities and also very beneficiary for the bodily cells.
Ayurveda medicine also instructs us on the importance of the Agni’s balance whereas if the agni is in disorder, it will result in the same effect in the homeostasis (equilibrium).
Ayurveda treatments also warn that once the equilibrium’s balance is disturbed will also disturb the physiology.
The entire Ayurveda therapy repertoire is built on these credentials regarding the agnis. Ayurveda care herbal studies’ branch that treats internal herbal medicines and practices is known as Kayachikitsa.
And to give you a more in-depth definition of this Ayurveda India’s native name, ‘kaya’ means agni while ‘chikitsa’ refers to treatment.