The word Bhaishajya means ‘medicine’ while kalpana represents the word ‘forms’.
In Ayurveda medicine, this is the branch that deals with the various forms of medicine such as syrups, juice, tablet and powder.
- Increases the potency of medicine by sanskar (adding or generating special property)
- Turns the medicine more durable
- Medicine is palatable
- Removes the toxic effect of medicine by shodhana karm
- Balances the Dosha
- Formulates the medicine
Panchavidha Kashaya Kalpana
According to the Pancha Vidha Kashaya Kalpana section Ayurveda health medicine has five basic forms. The word Kashaya denotes distortion of the original shape of dravya during medical preparations
Yoni (sources) of Kashaya Kalpana
The five rasas (tastes) are the five yoni (source) of kashaya kalpana i.e. Madhur, Amla, Katu, Tikta, Kashaya. There are five Kashaya Kalpana that are more efficient in potency than the other ones:
- Swaras Kashaya Kalpana (juice)
- Kalka Kashaya Kalpana (jelly like)
- Kwatha Kashaya Kalpana (decoction)
- Shita Kashaya Kalpana (cold infusion)
- Phanta Kashaya Kalpana (infusion)
Means the juice of the dravya hence is said to be its swarasa. Preparation; Crush the dravya properly and filter juice with the help of clean cotton cloth.
When the plant utilized is not so juicy, its nectar has to be extracted or prepared by putapaka method, as follows: Dravya is collected in a bunch then covered by wet wheat dove after which, a layer of clay is laid over it and kept in fire.
After it becomes red in color, the shell, or muda, together with the wheat flour are removed. The juice can then be extracted by crushing and filtering.
Kalka The crushed paste form of dravya. Preparation; Crush the dravya properly until it turns into a paste. Dry the powder then mix with water to turn into a paste or Kalka Dosage i.e. 1 tola (10gms approx) Kwatha Dravya boiled in water and filtered.
Preparation; Crush the dravya thoroughly and mix it in water then boil on slow fire till it reduces to half or one fourth of the original quantity to finally filter properly. The quantity of water used is determined by the following rules; Four times more must be the water than the medicine for mridu (soft) dravya Eight times more must be the water than the medicine for madhya dravya Sixteen times more must be the water than the medicine for Kathina (hard) dravya According the quantity of medicine.
- If the quantity of medicine is 5 to 16 tola (50 to 160gms approx) then add eight times the quantity with water.
- If the quantity of medicine is above 16 tola (160gms approx) then add to 4 times water. Dosage – 4 tola (40gms approx)
- If the medicine is less than four tola (40gms approx) then add 16 times the quantity with water.
Hot water is added to the medicine and then it is kept outside for 12 hours at night. The whole process is called Shita Kalpana. Preparation To the powdered form of medicine six times water is added. The choice of hot and cold water is up to the user. The mixer is now kept for 12hrs at night in an open place. Medicine is ready for use by the next morning.
Dosage – 4 tola (40gms approx.) Phanta Mixing of medicine in boiled water, then covering it and leaving to cool. Preparation Boil 16 tola (160gms approx) water, then add four tola (40gms approx) powder form (not fine) of medicine in it. Keep the container for cooling and use it in lukewarm (koshna) condition. Dosage: 4 tola to 8 tola (40gms to 80gms approx)