Scientific name: Common Sweet Flag or Calamus is a plant belongs from the Acoraceae family.
Basics: It is a long perennial moist monocot with forager’s leaves and some rhizomes which have been mainly used herb ally, for its fragrance, and as a useful medicine.
Calamus is a sweet, big, odorous plant with knife like leaves and some small leaves, blend or the predominantly green yellow flowers. Basically Calamus lives near of floods and edges in Asia, Europe, and northern America.
Common names: It has a different variety of names such as sweet cane, cinnamon sedge, sweet myrtle, sweet sedge, gladdon, myrtle sedge, myrtle flag, sweet rush, myrtle grass, sweet root, and flagroot.
Location and utilization: Mainly in India, Acorus calamus is now occur across southern Russia, Europe, northern USA, northern Asia Minor, Burma, China, Sri Lanka, Japan, and southern Siberia.
Varieties: Generally Calamus is found in three varieties.
The nearest price of necessary oil varies from 1.8% to 9.7%. And of beta Asarone varies from 0-95% of the oil. North American, Asian and European types illustrate different symphony Asian Calamus is measured to be more soothing, North American more exciting.
The botanical distinction among the Acorus family plants is on the prominent leaf veins.
These families contains a most significant mid vein and then on all sides smooth going straight sub veins (approximately half radius of main vein) and many, very tiny and small side veins.
The size of leaves of Calamus family plants are between 0.8 and 1.8 cm in width, in average of approx 1 cm.
The symposia leaf of calamus is nearly smaller than the other leaves of same family plant. The spadix, at the time of elongation, can be the length between 4.8 and 8.8 cm.