Human being is an embodiment of both vices and virtues. We also have the force within us that drives us onward or forward.
This force is also an impulse that prompts us to act or make an effort. All of us would like a person with virtues than vices, even though we are prone to both the characteristics.
Sadvritta means spending your lifetime in a good way or living wisely.
The general belief is that one’s way of living and thoughts are interlinked to one’s health. There are few qualities that would be better if suppressed, or have to be suppressed, and that suppression is known as Dharniya.
Vega means speed or force or an urge. Dharniya and Vega put together would mean suppressed urge. Normally, human beings have both natural and developed urges that would have to be suppressed for better and healthy living. The three types of urges are of:
Under the suppressible urges of the mind are greediness, depression, cowardice, anger, ego, shamelessness and jealousy. Under the category of bodily urges are troubling others, violence in any form, adultery, theft and so on. Under the suppressible urges of tongue are unpleasing talks, telling lies, and untimely talk, that is where one is not supposed to talk, or when one is not supposed to talk. These urges are dangerous and decide the destiny of a man, and make us an animal human being. We should be able to control them and become, if not a saint, but at least a human being.
It is an essence of all dhatus, and is necessary for the maintenance of a human being’s immune system.
It is known as Theory of Five Elements (Water, Earth, Air, Space, and Fire are the constituents of all the living matter). The knowledge or concept of Panchabhuta Sidhantha is necessary for the knowledge of physiology, pathology, and pharmacokinetics of Ayurvedic medicine.
The resident of the body is soul, which is known as Purusha. As per Ayurveda, there are two meanings of soul.
One is Jeevatma or Shuddha Purusha, and the other meaning considers both the body and the soul, and is otherwise known as Karma Purusha. Ayurveda is concerned about the Karma Purusha’s well being.
Types of Purusha
Purusha is classified into two categories based on the constituents: Ek dhatwatmak Purusha, and Karma Purusha. Karma Purusha can be classified into seven categories based again on the constituents. They are:
- Dwi dhatwatmak Purusha (two constituents)
- Tri dhatwatmak Purusha (three constituents)
- Panchadhatwatmak (five constituents)
- Shad dhatwatmak Purusha (six constituents)
- Sapta dhatwatmak Purusha (seven constituents)
- Chaturvinsati dhatwatmak Purusha (twenty four constituents)
- Twenty Five dhatwatmak Purusha (twenty five constituents)
The two constituents in Dwi dhatwatmak Purusha are soul and body. The three constituents in Tri dhatwatmak Purusha are soul, body and mind. The five constituents in Panchadhatwatmak (it deals only with the body) are the five elements of the body.
The five elements of the body and the atma constitute Shad dhatwatmak Purusha. In Sapta dhatwatmak Purusha, there are two theories, in which first one comprises of five elements, mind and the soul. The second theory includes Rakta, Ras, Majja, Mansa, Meda, Shukra and Asthi that are the seven dhatus of the body. The Chaturvinsati dhatwatmak Purusha constitutes of eight Prakrutis and sixteen Vikratis. Finally, the twenty five dhatwatmak Purusha comprises of twenty four constituents of Chaturvinsati dhatwatmak Purusha and the atma or soul.