The root word or the origin word, because of which Dravya has got its name, is Dru. If that has the capability to change, combine, divide, or go through set of changes with time, it is known as Dravya.
You would have observed that almost all the things in our surroundings have this tendency or capability or characteristics, and therefore can be segregated under Dravya.
Moreover, if something acts as the substratum for modification, it is also known as Dravya. In short, you can say that substance is dravya. If you cannot separate any of the substance’s quality, or property from its mass, then that substance is known as dravya.
Dravyatva is known as changeability attribute, by which the substance’s modification is changed continuously and without any interruption by that quality of virtue. Entity cannot be separated of both the Dravya and mode or form. Dravya or Dhruvya means permanence also.
Dravya, which is an essential factor of other karya dravya, is the house of Guna and Karma. Moreover, Guna and Karma can survive only if dravya exists. Based on categories, Dravya can be divided into two divisions:
- Karan Dravya
- Karya Dravya
Karan Dravya can only create. The destruction and further fragmentation of this dravya is not possible. Nine dravyas fall under this Karan dravya. The nine dravyas are prithvi or earth, ap or water, tejas or fire, vayu or air, akasa or sky, kala or time, dis or direction, manas or mind, and atman or soul. In other words, the nine dravyas constitute the Panchabhootas or great five elements (prithvi, ap, vayu, akasa, and tejas) and other four constituents.
Prithvi is otherwise known as Mother Earth, or Dhra, Dharthi, Dhrithri with a meaning of that which holds everything.
By the appropriate combination of Karan dravya, Karya dravya s formed. Therefore, its origin is from Karan dravya. Its life time is less and can be destroyed. After its destruction, Karya dravya becomes one with Karan dravya.
Dravya is for gross objects, or the physical items to be offered, or ingredients, or by the objects of sense of enjoyment. There are ten Dravya pranas or vitalities. They are the vitalities of hearing, sight, smell, taste, touch, mind, speech, body, breath, and longetivity.
Dravya is mentioned even in the religions like Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. In Hinduism, God is called of nine types through His maya, in which one Dravya is mentioned. In Jainism, Dravya bandh is nothing but the capacity of the relationship between karman particles and the soul.
Dravya asrav is either the thought bondage’s auxiliary cause, or the material bondage’s principal cause. Dravya mun is the physical and effective mind of the two minds present in a human being. Moreover, it is in its existence due to the past life. In psychology, Dravya mun is the conscious and sub-conscious mind.
The material Dravya karmas are of eight types:
- Life span determining
- Physique determining
- Status determining and