Based on the qualities of the five senses’ perceptive functions, Ayurveda has brought out a system of classification. You can identify the properties and nature of a thing or a substance with the help of Gurvadi Guna, a collection of ten braces of opposite attributes. Every attribute has a specific or particular action corresponded to it. There are twenty Gurvadi gunas, and they are:
– Laghutva or lightness
– Shitatva or coldness
– Ushnatva or hotness
– Snigdha or soothing
– Ruksha or dryness
– Mandatva or dullness
– Tikshnatva or sharpness
– Sthiratva or immobility
– Saratva or mobility
– Mrudutva or softness
– Kathinatva or hardness
– Vishadatva or clearness
– Pichhitatva or sliminess
– Shlakshanatva or smoothness
– Kharatva or roughness
– Sukshmatva or minuteness
– Shortva or bulkiness
– Sandratva or solidity
– Dravatva or fluidity
The details and descriptions of gurvadi gunas are given below:
Guna means property or quality. To make things lighter, the elements like fire, space, and air are responsible. The property that makes it possible is called light. To suppress the kapha dosha, and aggravate the vata dosha, this guna would be appropriate. This guna purifies the channels and aggravates the agni or appetiser. To develop joy and vogor in our body, this guna is needed.
Guna is In Need to Reduce Warmth
To decrease the warmth and increase the coldness, this guna is necessary. Water element, madhur rasa or sweetness, tikta rasa or bitterness, and kashaya rasa are responsible for this guna. The syncope, thirst or Trishna, and Daaha or burning sensation can be cured by this guna. The main function is to increase the immunity and strength.
Opposite of shitaguna, agni or fire element, lavan rasa or salt taste, and Katu rasa (chilly taste) take the responsibility of this guna. Apart from curing syncope, thirst, and burning sensation, it can be used for sweating and metabolizing rasa, raktha and datu.
Known as love, it is responsible for clinging, and the main guna of water. It also develops smoothness and softness. You can find this in sweet, sour and salt rasas. Its main function is developing strength, softening, strengthening, and suppresses the vata dosha in the body.
To generate dryness, roughness and hardness in the body and to absorb this guna is needed. It increases vata dosha and decreases kapha dosha, and is found in earth and air elements, and in pungent smell, bitter taste and alum taste.
Guna Can Increase Kapha Dosha dan Decrease Pitta Dosha
Responsible for developing dullness, retardation, weak action, and so on due to excess of water element. It increases kapha dosha and decreases pitta dosha.
It increases sharpness, proper functioning like burn, digest, secrete, and scrape. It is responsible for increasing pitta dosha and decreasing the kapha dosha. Its main element is fire.
It is found in sweet taste and earth element. Responsible for stability, hold and obstruction are few important functions.
Responsible for fastness and increase the vata dosha. Air and fire elements, sour taste, salt taste, and pungent smell are rich in this guna. Breaking the bond and excretion are main functions of this guna. For evacuation therapy, this guna is the best.
To make the body soft and smooth. This guna aggravates kapha dosha, prevents burning, suppurating, and for laxing the body.
The qualities and attributes are present for all the truths present in the nature.