The term anemia means lack of hemoglobin content.
Anemia is most commonly seen in children and youngsters.
This ailment mostly occurs due to lack of nutrition.
The main causes of anemia are intake of too much of salty and sour food items, irregular sleep, increase in body temperature, and/or irregular exercise.
There are five types of classifications in Pandu rog caused by Vata, Pitta, Kapha, Sannipata, and Mritbhakshana.
The symptoms of anemia are pallor, dryness of skin, irregular heartbeat, indigestion, exertion, insomnia, loss of appetite, dryness of cornea. The clinical features are pain in the upper and lower limb, waist, irritability in the skin, increase in heart beat, swelling around the joints and eyes, general weakness of the body, loss of skin hair, increased blood pressure that leads to frustration and anger, urine color will be dark yellowish and sometimes foul smelling, always sleepy.
Sometimes one feels over exertion in stair climbing. The main prominent veins are swollen and there will be discoloration of nails. Due to indigestion, burning sensation in the stomach may occur in case of anemia. Anemia is seen in children those who eat pastries, cakes, and junk foods. Anemia also affects the women during pregnancy or women who suffer with heavy menstrual cycles.
There are different types of anemia. The main type, iron deficiency anemia is caused by deficiency of iron, Vitamin B12, and other supplements necessary to our body.
Pernicious anemia and folic acid deficiency anemia are the other types. The main symptoms of Vitamin B12 and folic acid are a red, sore tongue with reduced taste sense.
The anemia can be diagnosed by taking the blood test, in which they look for number, size, and shape of red blood cells.
Sometimes, X-ray is recommended to check for any internal bleeding in the internal organs, which if not treated at earlier stage the symptoms may become worse, becoming tired and weak are also symptoms of anemia. Moreover, you may also develop increase in the heartbeat, pain in the legs, waist, and thighs when walking. In the case of anemia, the hemoglobin content for males is usually less than 13.0g/dl and for females less than 12.0g/dl.
According to morphological classification anemia can be classified into microcytic, normocytic, macrocytic anemia. The possible complication of anemia due to lack of iron the fingernails will be brittle; sometimes spoon shaped nails can be seen. The immunity is often reduced which would lead to further complications. Anemia, during pregnancy, has an increased risk of growth retardation of the fetus, premature baby, and low birth weight.
During pregnancy, women lose an average of two milligrams of iron daily, so for this iron rich food like greens, leafy vegetables, dried beans, dried apricots, dried fruits, almond, seaweeds, whole grains, yams should be taken daily. Certain foods tea, coffee, soft drinks, and ice creams, chocolates, and so on have been found to interfere with iron absorption in the gastro- intestinal tracts, and these foods should be avoided.
Treatment & Commonly Used drugs
Oleation Therapy, and Mandura Vatak are popular treatments in Ayurveda. Lauha Kalpa, Mandur Kalpa, Rasa Kalpa, Ghruta, Arishtra, Bhasma, Guggul Kalpa, and Churna are the most commonly used drugs.