As you know, disease means malfunctioning of organ or part in a living being, man, animal, or plant.
Pathogenic microorganisms, parasites, nutritional factors, environmental factors influence our health and become the cause for diseases.
Moreover, toxicity, imbalance of nutrients, environmental factors, effect of genetic or hereditary problems, and so on cause different kinds of curable and non-curable diseases. Most of the common diseases can be identified in no time with the help of the regular and universal symptoms; however, some of the diseases that are rare are not easily identifiable.
You would notice that there are signs and symptoms that would develop during the development of pathology of the disease. Pathology deals with the manifestation of anatomy and function of a disease. With these signs and symptoms, we will be able to identify the disease, and this is known as Poorvaroop. Poorvaroop is of two types:
– Samanya Poorvaroop
– Vishesh Poorvaroop
Samanya Poorvaroop: The word Samanya means common. It is known as general preindicating signs and symptoms of a disease. If we are able to identify the basic type of disease, however, not the subtype, from the signs and symptoms it falls under the category of Samanya Poorvaroop.
For example, if there is excessive blackishness at the back of the neck and on the feet, it can be a preindicating sign and symptom of excessive insulin secretion in the body.
If there is swelling in any part of the body, mostly the ankle, for long duration, wherein you would see that the excess fluid is building up in the tissues (Edema), it can be a preindicating sign and symptom of a problem with either heart or kidney.
Vishesh Poorvaroop: The word Vishesh means Special. It is known as Special preindicating signs and symptoms of a disease. If we are able to identify the basic type of the disease, and also the sub type of it, from the signs and symptoms, then it falls under the category of Vishesh Poorvaroop.
For example, if a person experiences Wheezing, Coughing, Shortness of Breath, Chest Tightness, Difficulty/Rapid Breathing, these signs and symptoms indicate asthma.
Let us see the reasons for which Poorvaroop being important. Poorvaroop is very important in three phases: Treatment, Severity of Disease, and Differential Diagnosis.
You can treat most of the common diseases or ailments when you see the preindicating signs or symptoms of them, and this would help us in treating them before they emerge as a disease. For example, in treating constipation or indigestion, you can take the concoction of ginger and jiggery in water. To prepare this, 100 ml water is boiled with small pieces of ginger and jiggery. Sieve the contents and use the water to cure these problems.
Severity of disease
In case of developed disease like malicious cancer, where you would be able to see both the preindicating and indicating signs and symptoms of it, it is said that the disease has crossed the treatment levels and is normally difficult or impossible to treat.
Let us say that the indicating signs and symptoms of two or more ailments are similar; however, with the difference in the preindicating signs and symptoms, then it is recommended to check the preindicating signs and symptoms to diagnose the disease.