FUNDAMENTAL MEANING & USE
Pradhankarma is a part of panchakarma therapy which is considered a very vital treatment in ayurveda.
Panchakarma internally purifies the body through the use of medicines. Its meaning implies five therapeutic treatments.
Pradhankarma cleanses the body by removing toxins from it. It is one of the significant elements of panchakarma therapy.
DESCRIPTION OF PRADHANKARMA’s ELEMENT
1. Vamana karma.
Vamana means to expel. This pradhankarma treatment is brought into use to remove toxins from the body through the verbal itinerary (gargle). Vamana material comprises of undigested food. This therapy is brought into use to cure kaphaja ailments.
Asthma, Obesity, High fever, vomiting, cases of toxication, dyspepsia, Cough and tuberculosis.
1. Less complication.
2. Elimination of disease.
3. Nice taste and smell.
After vamana therapy has been undertaken, it is important to exercise few precautions such as:-
• Over-eating should not be done.
• Natural desire should be withheld.
• Person should not get irritated or feel anxiety.
• Should not speak in a loud voice.
2. Virechana karma
It’s a therapy for treating pitta and dosha ailments. Here, doshas are removed via anus route (opening at the excretory end of the alimentary canal). It is one the most easily and pain-free procedure of curing some disorders.
Fever, Asthma, Skin infection, Jaundice, Headache, Profuse bleeding, Constipation, Loss of appetite, Gastric problem and Indigestion.
Complete rest and light food.
3. Basti karma
It is one of the major panchakarma therapies and is made of basti (animal’s urinary bladder). It is used for curing vata ailments and is also brought into use to correct dosha imbalance.
ELEMENT OF BASTI KARMA
Anuvasana basti is that part of basti karma in which oily material is used. Stiffness, increase in appetite are few symptoms of Anuvasana basti.
When this therapy is undertaken, followings things are experienced: Good mood, Appropriate passing of urine, correct balance of doshas and augmentation in strength.
Fever, Weakness, Headache, bad-temper, Swelling, inflammation in joints, etc.
1. Increase in weight of thin people.
2. Reduction in obesity.
3. Improvement in eye-vision.
4. Good healthy, longevity.
Anxiety, Should avoid traveling and standing for lengthy period, oversleeping and sexual intercourse.
4. Nasya karma
A synonym of nasya karma is sirovirechana karma. In this pradhanakarma therapy medicines are given through the nasal (nose) route. Nasya karma is effective in treating disorders in nose, head, eyes, ears, throat infection and speech etc. There are 4 types of nasya therapies:
• NAVANA NASYA
Putting drops of medicated oil in the nose.
• AUAPIDA NASYA
Giving fluid extract of medicine via nose.
• DHAMAPANA NASYA
Medicated vapors are gulped via nasal route and are removed through mouth.
• PRADHDMANA NASYA
Intake of powder with water.
Stiffness in neck & mouth, pain in ear, roughness in voice, inflammation in tonsils, headache and variation in voice.
Good and sound sleep, pleasant feeling and lightness felt in head and body.
A person should not get irritated, should avoid laughing, swallowing, gargle. Icy water and oily food must be avoided besides keeping away from dust and smoke.
5. Rakta Mokshan Karma
Rakta Mokshan karma constitutes of two words; Rakta (blood) and Mokshan (remove or eradicate). So, the whole procedure of rakta mokshan involves removing defective blood from the body. Two ways are adopted when using this therapy: first is by the use of metallic device or by the use of leeches. It’s a kind of artificial out-take of blood.
It is very useful in the treatment of skin infections, inflammation of joints, blood related ailments, elephantiasis.
Rakta mokshan therapy should not be administered on young children, old-age people and pregnant women.