Scientific Name: Aegle Marmelos. It is a deciduous or small tree which is also known as Cydonia oblonga that can grow up to a height of 1.5-7.5m/5-25 ft and is naturally inhabitant in the continent of Asia.
It is a bowl-shaped fruit that resembles apple blossom. This fruit has strong fragrance but is hard when ripe. It is mainly used in preserves. Its flowers are white in color. It is only edible when cooked.
Common Name or English name: Bael, Quince and Apple wood tree.
Commercial use: Many parts of bael are used for commercial use in their natural form, such as, branch, pulp of the fruit and bael’s leaves.
Pulp of quince is used to make delicious jams, jelly and pudding. The fruit of apple wood tree is often used to make sweet and strong flavored wine.
Environment: Apple wood tree is found all over India. It needs a very chilly cold climate and a temperature of below 6 degree for its proper growth.
Normally it is a bit hard but when the fruit has ripened to the maximum, it should be left on the tree itself because it will become so soft that apple wood can be eaten in its most natural form in warmer climate. The apple wood fruit is fully open in after winter season and late spring weather.
Utilization: It is also used as a flavoring agent in many desserts. Color of the fruit is pure yellow but when it is cooked the color of the fruit changes from yellow to dark orange.
The fruit of quince is also used in making honey and even perfumes. It has a high nutrition value and is used a supplementary diet in diarrhoea and dysentery because of its cooling effect and rich fiber content.
The apple wood juice is a very good energizing drink that revitalizes heart and brain.