A lot of females feel that during the summer, the scorching sun’s heat can make a lot of harm to their soft skin in compare to cold weather during the winter. However, you should know that winter can actually detrimental to your sensitive skin as well. The freezing gusts of wind in the winter could make your skin less moisture or even make it too dry.
Normal skin has sufficient water content to maintain its soft texture. To avoid water loss, the outer layer contains oil. Once this particular oil runs out, the skin ends up being dry. This type of dry skin is known as “xerosis” in medical term. This can be not just lack of moisture in the skin, but also includes of other uncommon dryness of conjunctiva or the mucous membranes.
General factors that cause xerosis are:-
1. Freezing winter weather
2. Taking a bath or showering too frequent – if bathing too many times, showering with hot water and rub with harsh soap, this will dry the skin very fast. The condition can be even worse if you rub your body with a rough towel as this will get rid of the surface oil of the skin.
3. UV rays become stronger in winter and damage the skin.
4. Sauna baths
5. Uses of antiperspirants, perfumes, deodorants, detergents etc.
6. Age – As you age, your oil glands decrease production of the lubricant oil “sebum” and also the age causes slow down in the action of sweat glands.
Dry skin causes the skin to crack, peel and inflamed. There may be itching, scaling, chapping and etc. Rubbing or scratching dry skin tends to aggravate the problem and lead to infection and scarring. For many women, dry skin is most commonly found in arms, thighs, lower legs and hips. This is due to the dryness and the slowdown of skin cell renewal. The accumulation of dead and flaky skin can cause dry patches and dullness of the skin tone and such dryness can cause wrinkles on your face.
1. Simple dry skin is easily treated just by keeping the skin moist. The drier the skin, the heavier the application of moisturizers should be. Moisturizers restore oil and water to the skin. The best time to apply these is immediately after the bath. You can use the moisturizers, at least 3 times a day, on your face. Also cover your whole body, paying special attention to your arms, knees and elbows. Generally, moisturizers contain of glycerin, petroleum jelly, mineral oil and are available as creams or lotions. For stronger moisturizers, they will contain of urea, lactic acid and glycolic acid. But why go for all these, when you have excellent Ayurvedic herbal moisturizers available on a wide range?
2. Do not take bath frequently. Reduce the time taken for bashing. Apply vitamin E – oil on your face and other parts of the skin, if you are taking a steam bath. Do not use hot water. Luke warm or tepid water is good enough. Use a gentle soap. For the face avoid soap and use special moisturizers. Indian women have a habit of taking oil baths at least once a week. In winter, apply oil (olive / gingerly / sesame) and massage all over the body, if possible daily. Wait for 30 minutes or 1 how then take bath. When taking oil bath with just oil alone can make your skin supple and satiny, think of the benefits if the ordinary oil is fortified with herbs! Hence try fortified Ayurvedic herbal oils.
3. If you think that sun – protection is required only is summer, think again. Even in winter you need sun – protection. Exposure to sun, in winter or summer is the single most important factor is premature ageing of the skin. Therefore use sun goggles, sun screen lotions (preferably herbal) to ward of sun and U.V. rays.
4. Some Ayurvedic doctors suggest that oatmeal and dry milk powder (1/2 cup each) can be added to your bath – water.
5. If you use sweater, do not wear it next to the skin. Wear a cotton inner garment, immediately next to your skin, and then only wear the sweater.
6. There are several home remedies for dry skin. The basic ingredients are bananas, honey, poppy seeds etc. The simplest is massaging the face with 2 tablespoons of milk. The best way is to forget home remedies and use readymade Ayurvedic lotions, creams, emollients, plenty of which are available in the market.
7. Winter causes dry lips and ugly “cracks” on the lips. Massaging the lips with coconut oil mixed with glycerin and rose water, two or three times a day, may help. Readymade lip – moisturizers are available.
8. A little more in-take of fat (Ghee) than normal is preferable in winter. In winter loss of oil & moisture is very high
Herbs used in Ayurveda
1. Pongamia Glabra – For skin diseases, reduces itching
2. Lawsonia Intermis – Keeps the body cool
3. Terminal balerica – Astringent, tonic, used in skin diseases. Prevent ageing
4. Thespesia Populnea – tonic, cures skin diseases, astringent
5. Centella asiatica – Good for skin diseases, improves memory
6. Cannarium Strictum – For skin diseases with gingerly oil in rheumatic pain
7. Coccinia Indica – Improve Skin and scalp tone.
Nimpathikuada Churanam, Kunkumadhi Lebum etc.