Scientific Name: Syzygium Cumini. The tree of syzgium cumini remains green and thick throughout the year and is naturally grown in Indonesia and India. It began to be used as a fruit in United States of America in 1911.
Common Name or English Name: Black Plum, Jamun (Indian name), Jambolan and Indian Blackberry.
It is one of the fastest growing species of fruit in the world and one tree of jamun can grow up to 100 years.
Marketable use: Many parts of jamun tree are used for commercial purposes.
Some of them are; seeds, Leaves, Fruits and branch. Jamun is used to make delicious fruit jams, juices and drinks, etc.
Utilization: Leaves and wood of jamun tree are antiseptic and are used for intensification of teeth and gums.
In Indian terms, it is called datum. Fruits and seeds of jamun tree are sugary, bitter, acidic, energizing nature.
All these parts of Indian blackberry are used as a tonic diet in diabetes, diarrhoea, sore throat, loss of hunger, bronchitis, problem of ulcers, and Constipation and other digestive disorders.
Eating of jamun is extremely useful and important in the treatment of respiratory troubles. The seeds of jamun are also used in many medical systems such as Ayurveda and Chinese medical system. It is also used to control blood pressure. Jamun also purifies blood of all toxins. Jamun is a very rich source of vitamin A, B and C and has a very high content of fiber in it.
Climate: Blackberry tree is normally grown in areas having tropical climate and it starts bearing flowers in the month of March-April after which fruits starts appearing in May-June.
When the fruit gets ripe it has a black or dark purple color. This tree is also used as wind resistant and can even tolerate flash floods.