Upshaya means remedial experiment or in scientific terms, it can be called as therapeutic test or examination. It is a kind of medical treatment which is undertaken for the treatment of a disorder.
The basic element used in upshaya is medicines (Aushadhi), Diet (Anna) and Behavior (Conduct). Antonym of upshaya is Unupshaya.
There are six treatments of upshaya. They are Hetuviparit (anti-factor), Vyadhiviparit (anti disease), Hetuvyadhiviparit (anti factor & anti disease), Hetuviparitarthkari (anti causative subjective), Vyadhiviparitarthkari (anti disease subjective), Hetu- Vyadhiviparitarthkari (anti factor & anti disease subjective).
The description of each of the treatment is as follows:
1 . Hetuviparit (Anti-Factor)
It means cure contrary to the cause of the disease. Hetuviparit is further classified into various categories:
It refers to the medicines that controls and cures the disease. For instance, dry ginger is used as a medicine in the treatment of kaphaj jwar.
It refers to the diet contrary to cause of the ailment. For instance, In case of fever developed due to excessive intake of pills, chicken soup is taken in the meal. Here, chicken soup corrects the imbalance of vat dosha in the human body and eliminates fatigue.
It means a kind of behavior that controls the cause or causes of disease. For instance, treatment of cold and cough (kapha dosha) the remedy lies in good night sleep.
2. Vyadhiviparit (Anti- Disease)
It means detailed ways of curing a specific disease. Vyadhiviparit is further classified into various categories:
It means specific medication for a particular ailment. For instance, the disorder of diarrhea can be cured by 2 specific medicines such as holarrhenna and dysenteric.
It means a diet specifically taken in a particular disorder. For instance, Masoor dal (pulse) is an exact diet in case of diarrhea.
It means behavior exactly specific to the disease.
3. Hetuvyadhiviparit ( Anti-Factor and Anti-Disease)
This refers to the treatment, which is precise to the infection and however is an anti factor (cause).
Hetuvyadhiviparit Aushadhi can be classified into 2 categories:
It’s a kind of medication that wheels the affirmative causes and heals the treatment.
It is a kind of diet that is meant for troubled doshas and a particular disease. It is the diet specific to the disturbed doshas and is specific to the disease.
It is a type of behavior that is stimulated to treat troubled dosha and specifically used for curing a disease.
4. Hetuvyadhiviparit (Anti- Causative Subjective)
It means the causes that in the beginning support the contributory factors of the disease but in the end helps in treating them. It can be divided into following categories:
For instance, Whimpering of heat is reasoned by troubled pitta-dosha.
When a kind of poultice is used for curing excessive heat, it increases the treatment of heat by stimulating pitta-dosha. The type of medicines used attracts the causes of disease.
This kind of diet imbalances the pitta-dosha and is taken in case of heat.
The behavior under this category troubles vata-dosha to cure a kind of biological (psychotic) ailments. In this individuals are irritated and angry.
5. VyadhivparitArthkari (Anti-Disease Subjective)
It means ways, that are believed to inflate the ailment, but eventually cures it. It can be divided into following categories:
For instance, Medicine of Randia dumetorum stimulates vomiting. Unwanted cough is removed by stimulating the process of vomiting.
For instance, Soft laxative might cause diarrhea whereas in case of dysentery it treats mucous from the gastro bowels by supporting departure.
For instance, to stimulate vomiting, it helps in eliminating infected cough but eventually it relieves patient and cure it.
6. Hetu –VyadhivparitArthkari (Anti-Factor and Aanti-Disease Subjective)
This therapy is anti contributory part and ailment supporting but in the end it eliminates and controls it.
Medicine provides warmness to the skin. Agru, a kind of herb produces a soothing effect when applied on burn injuries. It increases the blood flow which fastens up the cure.
For instance, A patient having recurring habits of alcohols, so to induce a in a chronic alcoholic patient to avoid abandonment pattern, a small quantity of alcohol is given.
For instance, frozen shoulder gets expanded due to imbalance of vata dosha. This behavior supports the disease but during the process of swimming, heat (produced by the swimming stroke) gets ensnared in the effected shoulder. This warmness corrects the imbalance of vata dosha and finally, the ailment is cured.